Spain established several settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success.
In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was mostly abandoned by 1561. Augustine (San Agustín) was established under the leadership of admiral and governor Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, creating what would become one of the oldest, continuously-occupied European settlements in the continental U. and establishing the first generation of Floridanos and the Government of Florida.
Florida is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; African, European, indigenous, and Latino heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine.
Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes.
Florida attracted numerous Africans and African Americans from adjacent British colonies who sought freedom from slavery.
In 1738, Governor Manuel de Montiano established Fort Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose near St.
Florida was the first region of the continental United States to be visited and settled by Europeans.
In order to induce settlers to move to Florida, reports of its natural wealth were published in England.
It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing and water sports.
By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major Native American groups included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, the Tocobaga of the Tampa Bay area, the Calusa of southwest Florida and the Tequesta of the southeastern coast.
; Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.