“I just lost my patience,” says Alice Dreger, a bioethicist who used to work at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, and who was among the first to leave the study.Although dismayed by their departure, Vilain refuses to take a stance until it is supported by science.Received: July 18, 2008Accepted: September 22, 2008Published online: August 10, 2009 Issue release date: August 2009 Number of Print Pages: 12 Number of Figures: 5 Number of Tables: 0 ISSN: 1661-5425 (Print) e ISSN: 1661-5433 (Online) For additional information: https:// Hermaphroditism is a derived and polyphyletic condition in fishes, documented in about 2% of all extant teleost species scattered across more than 20 taxonomic families in 9 orders.
(The paediatric-surgery department at Necker refused to answer questions relating to past or current standards of care.) DSDs occur in an estimated 1–2% of live births, and hundreds of genital surgeries are performed on infants around the world every year.
This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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Over the past two decades, and especially in the past few years, intersex activists worldwide — some of whom do not identify as either gender — have begun to speak out against the practice.
Unless a child's life is in danger, they argue, he or she should have the right to decide on surgery when older.