The vast majority of countries set their ages in the range of 14 to 16; only five countries, Cyprus (17), Ireland (17), Malta (18), Turkey (18) and Vatican City (18), do not fit into this pattern.The laws can also stipulate the specific activities that are permitted or differentially specify the age at which a given sex can participate.However Article 151 (2) has a provision for those who are over 14 and do "not understand the characteristics or the importance of the act." Art. (1) A person who has sexual intercourse with a person who has not completed the age of 14 years, insofar as the act does not constitute a crime under Article 152, shall be punished by deprivation of liberty for two to six years. (1) Whoever performs sexual intercourse with a child under fifteen years of age or induces a child to commit sexual intercourse with a third person, shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of one to ten years.(2) Whoever commits lewd act with a child under fifteen years of age or induces a child to commit lewd act on itself or with a third person, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between six months and five years.In 1989, Alecos Modinos, president of the Cypriot Gay Liberation Movement, brought a case to the European Court of Human Rights.In 1993, the Court held that the prohibition of homosexual acts was a violation of Article 8.
(No specific age is recommended.) As of December 2016, the convention has been ratified by 42 states, while another 5 states have signed but not yet ratified the convention.
The European Commission repeated its warning that Cyprus must follow the Court's ruling.
In May 1997, again a government measure to repeal the ban failed because of the strength of the opposition.
The ages of consent vary by jurisdiction across Europe.
The ages of consent are currently set between 14 and 18.