After about four years, they returned to Alabama, then moved to Pennsylvania, and then returned permanently to Alabama.
Moore's father worked for the Tennessee Valley Authority, first building dams and later the Anniston Army Depot.
He ran in 1986 for Etowah County's district attorney position against fellow Democrat Jimmy Hedgspeth.
Serving as the commander of 188th Military Police Company of the 504th Military Police Battalion, Moore was perceived to be reckless, but very strict.Moore soon moved to the district attorney's office, working as the first full-time prosecutor in Etowah County.During his tenure there, Moore was investigated by the state bar for "suspect conduct" after convening a grand jury to examine what he perceived to have been funding shortages in the sheriff's office.This role earned him enemies, and in his autobiography he recalls sleeping on sandbags to avoid a grenade or bomb being tossed under his cot, as many of his men had threatened him with fragging.Moore was discharged from the United States Army as a captain in 1974, and was admitted to the University of Alabama School of Law that same year.In Australia, a country Moore said later he had wanted to visit after his service in Vietnam but was unable to at the time, he went to Queensland.From the state capital, Brisbane, he first went to Ayr and helped with the sugar cane harvest, then inland to what is now the Central Highlands Region, where he fulfilled his longtime desire to see the Outback, eventually working at the Telemon ranch near Springsure, a town where many residents are devout Christians.In 2001 Moore was elected to the position of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Alabama.He was removed from his position in November 2003 by the Alabama Court of the Judiciary for refusing a federal court's order to remove a marble monument of the Ten Commandments. Moore was born in Gadsden, Alabama, the seat of Etowah County, to construction worker Roy Baxter Moore, who died in 1967, and the former Evelyn Stewart.Several weeks after the state bar investigation was dismissed as unfounded, Moore quit his prosecuting position to run as a Democrat for the county's circuit-court judge seat in 1982.The election was bitter, with Moore alleging that cases were being delayed in exchange for payoffs. Moore overwhelmingly lost the Democratic runoff primary to fellow attorney Donald Stewart, whom Moore described as "an honorable man for whom I have much respect, (who) eventually became a close friend".